The International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems

eISSN 2093-744X
pISSN 1598-2645

Direct training algorithms

AlgorithmNeuron modelArchitectureInput encodingOutput decodingFeatures
SpikeProp (2000, [37])SRMShallow networkPopulation codeTime-to-first codeSurrogate gradient; multiple delayed synaptic terminals
ReSuMe (2005, [38])don’t care(FF, RNN, LSM)+ trainable single layerSpike trainSpike trainTrain the weights for the last layer; STDP & anti-STDP
PES (2011, [40])IF/LIF modelTwo-layered networkSpike train (firing rate)Spike train (firing rate)MSE loss for decoded value
STBP (2018, [42])LIFShallow networkSpike train (rate code)Spike train (firing rate)BPTT-like over spatial & time domains
BP-STDP (2019, [32])LIFDeep networkSpike train (spike count)Direct output (spike count)Backpropagation + STDP
SBBP (2019, [43])IF/LIFDeep networkSpike train (rate code)Direct output (membrane potential)Surrogate gradient
International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems 2021;21:317~337 https://doi.org/10.5391/IJFIS.2021.21.4.317
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